China’s Motivation to Act on Clean Energy and Climate Change

New Issue Brief Explores China's Motivation to Act on Clean Energy and Climate Change

by ChinaFAQs on May 29, 2013

In April, the United States and China announced a new joint partnership that recognized the danger of climate change and "inadequacy of the global response." Next month, China is expected to launch its first pilot regional cap and trade system. China similarly is taking additional actions to reduce its carbon intensity by 40 to 45% compared to 2005 levels by 2020, and has become the world's number one investor in clean energy. Together, these steps show that China understands the challenges it faces and is serious about making progress.

However, one important question remains mostly unexamined: what are the motivations behind China taking action?

By looking at the 'why' along with the 'how,' a new ChinaFAQs issue brief provides important insights into how seriously China will take implementation of existing goals, why China is likely to persevere, and what the United States, China, and other countries can learn from each other about the need for and value of stronger action on clean energy and climate. ("Why is China Taking Action on Clean Energy and Climate Change?")

The issue brief explains the reasons why China is taking action on clean energy and climate change and the benefits it seeks. The brief shows how other countries, including the U.S., can benefit from taking action. The brief demonstrates that both countries have strong reasons for engaging and working together to confront climate change.

This issue brief identifies five key drivers that motivate China's actions. An examination of China's motivations shows that on all five of these fronts, China has a powerful self-interest in action:

  1. A higher priority for environment in development policy: along with a need to encourage more domestic consumption and innovation to sustain growth, people in China are increasingly demanding better environmental quality. These factors have led the Chinese government to begin to move away from unrestricted economic development towards a notion of "building a resource-saving and environment-friendly society," as was mentioned in China's Twelfth Five Year Plan.
     
  2. Economic competitiveness: China sees an immense economic opportunity in clean energy. Some analysts have forecasted that the global market for low carbon technology will reach $1.5 to $2.7 trillion annually in 2020. A separate UNEP report projected that by 2030, there would by 8.4 million jobs in solar PV and wind energy, and 12 million in biofuels, globally. With the potential for millions of jobs and over $620 billion in investment in China between 2010 and 2020, gaining a large share of these benefits is an important part of China's plans for future development.
     
  3. Energy security: Although China is beginning to ramp up its clean energy deployment, China today relies on fossil fuels for almost 90% of its energy, and is increasingly dependent on foreign imports. Domestic deployment of renewables and efficiency improvements can help alleviate these problems by greatly improving the reliability of China's domestic energy supply.
     
  4. Threats from climate change: China's leaders are increasingly concerned about declines in livelihoods and the increased unrest that could arise from the impacts of climate change. For example China's first national report on climate change projected that yields of rice, corn and wheat could fall by as much as 37% within a few decades due to climate change. Studies have also shown that a third of China's coastline is "high vulnerable" or "very highly vulnerable" to sea level rise, with 90% of the coastline "moderately vulnerable" or worse. With coastal zones hosting 42% of China's population and 51% of its GDP, sea level rise has the potential to be a very serious problem for the country.
     
  5. An opportunity to assert leadership in the international community: China views climate change as an issue where it can show positive international leadership, as well as leadership among developing nations. In 2009, in a first for the country, a Chinese President addressed the United Nations and stated "out of a sense of responsibility to its own people and people across the world, China has taken and will continue to take determined and practical steps to tackle this challenge."

The U.S., although not currently on track to meet its international commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 17% below 2005 levels by 2020, does have options available to ensure that such reductions become a reality. Looking at the reasons why other countries are acting can help reinforce our own reasons for action, as well as show us why we will not be acting alone. Like China, the U.S. needs to be concerned with climate impacts, as was demonstrated by America's vulnerability to Hurricane Sandy. The U.S is concerned with energy security, and with economic opportunities.

Some people in the U.S. still claim that China is not taking significant action on clean energy and climate change—and some use this as an excuse for the U.S. government to drag its heels as well. This misconception is fed in part by looking exclusively at the environmental problems China is facing, while ignoring the positive developments in China and its reasons for action. The truth is that while China does face significant environmental challenges, it is taking important steps to address climate change. As the issue brief shows, the misconception that China is not acting should no longer be seen as a reason for inaction on the part of the U.S., or any other country.

It is also in the interest of China and the United States to work together to address this critical issue. While China and the United States face tensions across many areas, addressing climate change and shifting to clean energy represents an area for mutual benefit, with the two countries having complementary strengths. Improved diplomacy can help strengthen relations between the countries, as well as make progress on one of the world's greatest challenges. This, indeed, would benefit both countries and the planet.

Read the full Issue Brief: "Why is China Taking Action on Clean Energy and Climate Change?"

Mohan Malik 2007 - India-China Competition Revealed in Ongoing Border

[Read the original version form the link at the bottom of this article]
Disputes 
By Mohan Malik 
October 9, 2007 
Yet another "useful and positive" round of Sino-Indian boundary negotiations was held 
on September 24-26 against the backdrop of a general consensus in both capitals that no 
breakthrough to the territorial dispute could be achieved for a long period of time. Talks 
for a settlement have now gone on for more than a quarter of a century (since 1981, to 
be precise) -- with a "big push" given to them by Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi's visit to 
China in 1988, the second one by Atal Bihari Vajpayee's sojourn in Beijing in 2003 and 
a third one by Manmohan Singh's talks with Premier Wen Jiabao in 2005 and President 
Hu Jintao in 2006 -- yet all were in vain. 
As a result, the 4,056-kilometer (2,520 miles) frontier between India and China, one of 
the longest inter-state borders in the world, remains the only one of China's land borders 
not defined, let alone demarcated, on maps or delineated on the ground. While Indians 
doubt China's sincerity in border negotiations, Chinese question India's leaders' will and 
capacity to settle the dispute in a "give-and-take" spirit. 
Up until 2005, there was a great deal of optimism about a possible breakthrough. 
Evidence of this came during Prime Minister Vajpayee's China visit in June 2003 when 
New Delhi's readiness to address Chinese concerns on Tibet was matched by Beijing's 
willingness to resolve the Sikkim issue by recognizing the trade route through the Nathu 
La Pass on the China-Sikkim frontier with India and later showing Sikkim as part of 
India in its maps. 
For its part, New Delhi reiterated its stance on the Tibetan Autonomous Region as part 
of China. This visit also paved the way for border talks to be held through special 
representatives of the leaders to find an early "political solution" to the boundary 
question, rather than going only by the legal and historical claims of the two sides. India 
indicated its willingness to settle for the territorial status quo by giving up claims to the 
Aksai Chin in Ladakh and hoped China would give up its claims to Arunachal Pradesh 
in the eastern sector and recognize the McMahon Line just as Beijing had accepted 
Tibet's British-drawn boundaries with Afghanistan and Myanmar (formerly known as 
Burma). 
In order to give a new thrust to the ongoing border negotiations, an "Agreement on the 
Political Parameters and Guiding Principles for the Settlement of the Boundary 
Question" was signed during Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao's visit to India in 
April 2005. The joint statement issued at the end of the visit talked of a "Strategic and 
Cooperative Partnership" between India and China. No Movement 
Since then, however, Beijing has upped the ante by demanding major territorial 
concessions in populated areas of Arunachal Pradesh on terms that many in New Delhi 
see as "humiliating and non-negotiable." Tawang, in particular, has emerged as a 
sticking point since the Chinese claim it to be central to Tibetan Buddhism given that 
the sixth Dalai Lama was born there. 
Ties between China and India were strained even further in May 2007 when the Chinese 
government refused a visa to an Indian official from disputed Arunachal Pradesh to visit 
China, and the Indian government's invitation soon thereafter to Taiwan's opposition 
Kuomintang (K.M.T.) party presidential candidate, Ma Ying-jeou, to visit India in June 
2007 to hold talks with senior Indian officials. China voiced its opposition to Ma's visit 
and called on India to abide by the "One China policy." 
Thereafter came media reports of the People's Liberation Army (P.L.A.) encroachments 
across the Line of Actual Control (L.A.C.) and Chinese small arms supplies to 
insurgents in India's volatile northeast via Bangladesh and Myanmar. Then, in August 
2007, Beijing demanded the removal of two old Indian Army bunkers near the trijunction of Sikkim, Bhutan and Tibet, claiming that these were located on their 
territory. This move raised questions about China's declared policy of treating Sikkim as 
part of Indian territory. Not surprisingly, China's increasing assertiveness over the 
disputed borders has led to a rapid meltdown in the Sino-Indian border talks and a 
"mini-Cold War" has quietly taken hold at the diplomatic level during the past two 
years, despite public protestations of amity. 
Some observers argue that Hu Jintao's desire to control the choice of the next Dalai 
Lama has led to pressuring India to concede access to the Tawang Monastery, which is 
crucial to this choice. The deterioration in Sino-Indian relations under Hu, however, 
should not have come as a surprise given his reputation as a hardliner over Tibet. (After 
all, Deng Xiaoping had groomed him for the Chinese Communist Party leadership 
because of his prominent role in the successful suppression of the Tibetan revolt in 
1988.) In this context, the rapid pace development of road, rail and military 
infrastructure in Tibet close to its borders with India and Nepal is seen as preempting 
any possible destabilization of Tibet post-Dalai Lama. 
Others, however, do not see any sinister designs in western China's development. 
Instead, they attribute the recent downturn in Sino-Indian relations more to domestic 
power struggles within the Chinese Communist Party (C.C.P.) than to the Dalai Lama 
succession issue or to Chinese concerns about India's growing tilt toward the United 
States. 
While there may be an element of truth in all these arguments, there are other more 
fundamental reasons behind the recent chill in Sino-Indian relations. Apparently, the 
strategic consequences of India's economic resurgence coupled with U.S. Secretary of 
State Condoleezza Rice's offer in March 2005 to "help make India a major world power 
in the 21st century" have greatly bothered the Chinese. This offer, and the long-term 
India-U.S. defense cooperation framework and the July 2005 U.S.-India nuclear energy 
deal that followed soon after, have been compared by Chinese strategic analysts to "the 
strategic tilt" toward China executed by former U.S. President Richard Nixon in 1971 to 
contain the common Soviet threat. Claiming that these developments have 
"destabilizing" and "negative implications" for their country's future, China's India-watchers have started warning their government that Beijing "should not take India 
lightly any longer." 
Chinese leaders were led to believe that China's growing economic and military might 
would eventually enable Beijing to re-establish the Sino-centric hierarchy of Asia's past 
as the U.S. saps its energies in fighting small wars in the Islamic world, Japan shrinks 
economically and demographically while India remains subdued by virtue of Beijing's 
"special relationships" with its South Asian neighbors. However, a number of "negative 
developments," from Beijing's perspective, since early 2005 -- the Indian and Japanese 
bids for permanent seats on the U.N. Security Council, the formation of the East Asia 
Summit that includes India, Australia and New Zealand, the Indo-U.S. nuclear deal, 
India's ability to sustain a high economic growth rate of eight to nine percent and the 
strategic implications of India's "Look East" policy -- have apparently upset Chinese 
calculations. 
Therefore, after a hiatus of a few years, Chinese media commentaries have resumed 
their criticism of Washington's "hegemonic ideas" and for drawing "India in as a tool 
for its global strategic pattern." Some Chinese analysts express serious reservations 
about U.S. efforts to draw "India in as a tool for its global strategic pattern," arguing 
that "India's DNA doesn't allow itself to become an ally subordinate to the U.S., like 
Japan or Britain." Nonetheless, most see India as a "future strategic competitor" that 
would be an active member of an anti-China grouping due to the structural power shifts 
in the international system and advocate putting together a comprehensive "contain 
India" strategy based on both economic tools (aid, trade, infrastructural development) 
and enhanced military cooperation with "pro-China" countries. 
India-wary China 
An internal study on India undertaken in mid-2005 (with inputs from China's South 
Asia watchers such as Cheng Ruisheng, Ma Jiali, Sun Shihai, Rong Ying, Shen Dingli, 
among others) at the behest of the Chinese leadership's "Foreign Affairs Cell" 
recommended that Beijing take all measures to maintain its current strategic leverage (in 
terms of territory, membership of the exclusive Permanent Five and Nuclear Five 
clubs); diplomatic advantages (special relationships, membership of regional and 
international organizations); and economic lead over India. Although the evidence is 
inconclusive, the most plausible deduction is that this internal re-assessment of India 
lies behind the recent hardening of China's stance on the territorial dispute and a whole 
range of other issues in China-India relations. 
The Chinese are concerned that the U.S.-India nuclear deal and related agreements 
would bring about a major shift in the power balance in South Asia that is currently 
tilted in China's favor. The recent strengthening of China's strategic presence in 
Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar and overtures to the Maldives should, 
therefore, be seen against this backdrop. Despite protestations to the contrary from India 
and the United States that New Delhi is unwilling and unlikely to play the role of a 
closely aligned U.S. surrogate such as Japan or Britain, China's Asia strategy is based 
upon the premise that maritime powers such as the U.S., Japan, Australia, and India 
would eventually form an informal quadrilateral alliance to countervail continental 
China. 
As a commentary in Huanqiu Shibao noted: "The fact is that Japan, Australia, and India 
are respectively located at China's northeast, southeast, and southwest, and all are Asian 
powers, while U.S. power in the Pacific is still unchallengeable. Hence, should the "alliance of values" concentrating military and ideological flavors in one body take 
shape, it will have a very great impact on China's security environment." 
From Beijing's perspective, the responsibility for this "negative development" lies solely 
at New Delhi's door. In their writings, Chinese analysts seem upset over their southern 
neighbor's all-consuming passion to become "a big power," and see the nuclear deal as 
its key to unlocking the door leading to the big league in world politics. 
As a Renmin Ribao commentary noted in August: 
The U.S.-Indian nuclear agreement has strong symbolic significance for India in 
achieving its dream of a powerful nation…In recent years, it introduced and 
implemented a 'Look-East' policy and joined most regional organizations in the East 
Asian region…In fact, the purpose of the United States to sign a civilian nuclear energy 
cooperation agreement with India is to enclose India into its global partners' camp, so as 
to balance the forces of Asia [read, China]. This fits in exactly with India's wishes. 
Once the nuclear deal crosses all the "big four hurdles" (opposition from pro-Chinese 
Communist parties in India; negotiations on I.A.E.A. safeguards; approval by the 
Nuclear Suppliers Group (N.S.G.); and its passage by the U.S. Congress), Beijing 
believes that it would end the nuclear symmetry between New Delhi and Islamabad (or, 
de-hyphenate the sub-continental rivals) and put India on par with nuclear China (rehyphenate China with India). 
This, from Beijing's perspective, is quite disconcerting because a major objective of 
China's South Asia policy has been to perpetuate parity between India and Pakistan. 
Add to this India's military exercises with the U.S., Japan and Australia, support for the 
concept of "concert of democracies," and attempts to establish strategic ties with 
countries that fall within China's sphere of influence (Mongolia, South Korea, Vietnam, 
the Philippines, Taiwan, and Myanmar) -- all of these reinforce Beijing's fears about its 
containment. However, despite its strong disapproval of a pact that would narrow the 
power gap between India and China, Beijing would not want to take a stance that 
pushes India further into Washington's camp. Most likely, Beijing would use its N.S.G. 
membership to further its own and its allies' interests by: 
 Using the "double standards" argument to question Washington's commitment to 
non-proliferation goals in light of its decision to back India's nuclear industry while 
opposing the right to nuclear energy for Iran and Pakistan; 
 Insisting that any changes to the N.S.G. guidelines to accommodate the deal must 
not be "country [i.e., India]-specific" but "universal criteria-based" so that "all countries 
[read, Pakistan] can benefit from the peaceful use of atomic energy under the I.A.E.A. 
safeguards." This formulation, outlined by Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi, would pave 
the way for the Chinese construction of the Chashma III and IV nuclear reactors in 
Pakistan; 
 Using the deal to extract major concessions from Washington, including an end to 
the arms embargo and the lifting of bans on high-tech dual-use technology exports to 
China; 
 Seeking new assurances that U.S.-India ties are not related to any "contain China" 
strategy. The fact of the matter is that China and India are locked in a classic security dilemma: 
one country sees its own actions as self-defensive, but the same actions appear 
aggressive to the other. India feels the need to take counter-balancing measures and 
launch certain initiatives to stay independent of China -- such as the "Look East" policy 
-- which are perceived as challenging and threatening in China. Like China, India is 
actively seeking to reintegrate its periphery with the framework of regional economic 
cooperation. Like China, India seeks greater international status and influence 
commensurate with its growing economic power. 
However, like any other established status quo great power, China wants to ensure that 
its position remains strong vis-à-vis challenger India for strategic, economic and 
geopolitical reasons. Through closer strategic ties with India's neighboring countries, 
China is warning India not to take any counter-measures to balance Beijing's growing 
might. 
Tibet is the Key 
Tibet remains the key to China's policymaking on the India-China boundary dispute. 
The Chinese still suspect that India prefers an independent Tibet and covertly supports 
Tibetan separatists. Unless and until Tibet is totally pacified and completely Sinicized 
as Inner Mongolia has been, Beijing would not want to give up the "bargaining chip" 
that an unsettled boundary vis-à-vis India provides it with. An unsettled border provides 
China the strategic leverage to keep India uncertain about its intentions, and nervous 
about its capabilities, while exposing India's vulnerabilities and weaknesses, and 
ensuring New Delhi's "good behavior" on issues of vital concern to China. 
Several recent commentaries in Chinese language sources confirm a shift toward a 
tougher Chinese stance on the territorial dispute with India. Articles on "Future 
Directions of the Sino-Indian Border Dispute" published in Guogji Zhanlue in 
November 2006, Liu Silu's "Beijing Should Not Lose Patience in Chinese-Indian 
Border Talks" in Wen Wei Po on June 1, 2007, and Professor Wang Yiwei's interview 
"Helping U.S. May Derail Border Talks" with the Asian Age on July 25, 2007 are 
broadly representative of the official thinking in China's national security establishment 
on this subject. The key arguments and major themes presented in these and other 
writings are summarized below. 
First, since India controls 90,000 square kilometers of the richest part of Tibet and the 
Himalayan region, equivalent to two and a half Taiwans and as large as Jiangsu 
Province, "the Chinese government will not easily give up its territory." Wen Wei Po
commentator Liu Silu contends that as "it is equally difficult to get India to spit out the 
fatty meat it is chewing…Beijing had better be patient at the negotiation table [because] 
time is on China's side." Apparently, many Chinese strategic thinkers believe that 
China's comprehensive national power vis-à-vis India is likely to increase over time, 
and that would enable Beijing to drive a better bargain on the boundary question in the 
future. 
Second, as Professor Wang Yiwei puts it, "China showed 'greatness' once, after the 
1962 Indo-China war, when it gave up the land it controlled [in Arunachal Pradesh] and 
it could not be expected to show magnanimity again…India 'lost an opportunity' to 
settle the boundary question when Deng Xiaoping and Mao Zedong were alive. 
President Hu Jintao is not Deng or Mao. He is strong but cannot be compared with 
them." In other words, the ball is in India's court. If New Delhi wants a settlement, it 
must hand over a large chunk of territory in Arunachal Pradesh to China. Third, the Sino-Indian border issue is linked with sovereignty, territorial integrity, and 
the respective status of the two countries in the global hierarchy. Hence, a Guogji 
Zhanlue commentary advises that Beijing "should not adopt any hasty step or make big 
compromises on principles" because this issue, "if approached in a hurry, could impact 
the respective rise of the two nuclear powers." One Chinese concern is that a border 
settlement, without major Indian territorial concessions, could potentially augment 
India's power position and thus impact negatively China's rise. An unsettled boundary 
suits Chinese interests for the present because China's claims in the western sector are 
complicated by the Indo-Pakistan dispute over Kashmir, Pakistan's interests in the SinoIndian territorial dispute, and Beijing's interest in keeping India under strategic pressure 
on two fronts. 
Fourth, a "fair and reasonable settlement" implies that "India will need to give up 
something to get something." Ideally speaking, Wen Wei Po argues that China should 
"recover the entire area. But it is negotiable for the disputed territory to be split equally 
between China and India, as was the case of Heixiazi [Bolshoy Ussuriysky] Island in 
the northeast [on the Russian border]. A third option would be for Beijing to recover at 
least the 2,000 square kilometers covering Tawang and Takpa Shiri. It is believed that 
this is Beijing's last resort and it will not accept any deal worse than this." Having 
wrested substantial territorial concessions from Russia, Vietnam, and Tajikistan in their 
land border disputes with China, Beijing is now expecting the same from India. 
Fifth, China should economically harmonize/integrate Tibet, Nepal and the border 
regions with India into China's economic sphere through increased economic links and 
infrastructure projects, such as the Qinghai-Tibet railway, before proceeding for a 
boundary settlement with India. Underlying this is the belief that economic 
interdependence would soften India's position, leading to a settlement on China's terms. 
Last, if negotiations, coercive diplomacy and economic harmonization (a carrot and 
stick policy) fail to produce the desired outcome, the use of force at an appropriate time 
in the future to recover "China's Southern Tibet" (a new Chinese term for Arunachal 
Pradesh) is not ruled out. Many Chinese analysts believe that the military balance has 
shifted in their favor with the completion of the 1,118-kilometer (695 miles) QinghaiTibet railway and other military infrastructure projects in Tibet and that negates the 
need for any territorial concession to India in the eastern sector. 
These views and arguments clearly (a) advocate a "constraining India" strategy; (b) 
foretell a long and torturous course of future border negotiations; and (c) indicate an 
uncertain and unpredictable future for India's relations with China. 
Chinese Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi's statement to his Indian counterpart Pranab 
Mukherjee made in June 2007 that the "mere presence of populated areas in Arunachal 
Pradesh would not affect Chinese claims on the boundary" should then be seen against 
this background. However, in Indian policy circles, this statement is seen as repudiating 
Article VII of the "Agreement on Political Parameters and Guiding Principles" signed 
during Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao's India visit in April 2005, which states: "In 
reaching a border settlement, the two sides shall safeguard populations in border areas." 
The inclusion of the phrase "settled population in the border areas" was then interpreted 
as a diplomatic concession that India had extracted from China as it protected India's 
interests against Chinese claims to Tawang and other areas in Arunachal Pradesh. India 
reportedly conveyed to China in June 2007 that it could not be pushed beyond a point 
on the boundary dispute. Describing the Chinese move as "a serious retrograde step," Mukherjee publicly rebuffed Beijing, saying that New Delhi would not part with 
populated portions of the state of Arunachal Pradesh: "Any elected government of India 
is not permitted by the constitution to part with any part of our land that sends 
representatives to the Indian Parliament." 
Sending a clear signal against any Chinese designs over Arunachal Pradesh, he added: 
"The days of Hitler are over. After the Second World War, no country captures land of 
another country in the present global context. That is why there is a civilized 
mechanism of discussions and dialogue to sort out border disputes. We sit around the 
table and discuss disputes to resolve them." 
The Indian government has also responded by unveiling plans for economic 
development and major infrastructure projects (the building of 72 roads, three airstrips 
and numerous bridges) in the border areas along the undefined L.A.C. that would enable 
the Indian military to "swiftly move forces into the region and sustain them logistically 
in the event of any untoward trouble or emergency." Indian Defense Minister A. K. 
Antony told the Combined Commanders' Conference in July 2007 that "China has been 
building a lot of infrastructure -- railways, airports and roads [along the Indian border]. 
We are also doing the same thing." 
Reacting to recent reports of some military skirmishes, Antony acknowledged that 
"there may have been an odd instance," but he ruled out "chances of any confrontation." 
Indian Chief of Army Staff General J. J. Singh has done the same, assuring the country 
that "a 1962-like situation will not be repeated. We are fully prepared to defend our 
borders." In response to the establishment of four new airbases in Tibet and three in 
southern China, the Indian Air Force is reportedly beefing up its presence by deploying 
two squadrons of Sukhoi-30MKIs near the Chinese border. 
Although the probability of an all-out conflict is extremely low, the prospect that some 
of India's road building projects in disputed areas could lead to tensions, clashes and 
skirmishes with Chinese border patrols cannot be completely ruled out. Should a 
conflict break out, the P.L.A.'s contingency plans emphasize a "short and swift 
localized" conflict (confined to the Tawang region, along the lines of the 1999 Kargil 
conflict) with the following objectives in mind: capture the Tawang tract; give India's 
military a bloody nose; and deliver a knockout punch that punctures India's ambitions to 
be China's equal or peer competitor once and for all. 
The ultra-modern civilian and military infrastructure in Tibet is expected to enable 
Beijing to exercise the military option to achieve the above-mentioned objectives should 
that become necessary at some stage in the future. 
Present Imperfect, Future Tense 
In short, there is little or no sign of an early resolution to the conflicting claims, despite 
continuing negotiations and the recent upswing in diplomatic, political, commercial and 
even military ties between the world's two most populous countries. The border disputes 
have simmered in the background for more than 50 years, threatening to disrupt 
relations between Asia's two giants. 
With China insisting on the return of Tawang on religious, cultural, and historical 
grounds, Indians have a more powerful case for the return of the sacred Mount KailashMansarovar in Tibet, since it is a sacred religious place associated with the Hindu 
religion. Additionally, there is the contentious issue of the Shaksgam Valley that Pakistan handed over to China in 1963, which China's Foreign Ministry spokespersons 
now claim is a non-issue. 
Negotiating these issues will not be easy and will test diplomatic skills on both sides. It 
is worth noting that historically China has negotiated border disputes with neighbors in 
their moment of national weakness (Pakistan, Myanmar in the 1960s, and the Central 
Asian republics in the 1990s) or only after the overall balance of power had shifted 
decisively in China's favor and/or after they had ceased to be a major threat (land border 
settlements with Russia and Vietnam in the 1990s). It has not, however, negotiated with 
those who are perceived as present rivals and future threats (India, Japan, Vietnam, the 
Philippines and Taiwan). 
In the meantime, both sides will have to learn to live without an early resolution to the 
dispute. Even if the territorial dispute were somehow resolved, India and China would 
still compete over energy resources, markets and for geostrategic reasons. A new 
potentially divisive issue for the future appears to be the ecological impact on the Indian 
subcontinent of Chinese plans to divert the rivers of Tibet for irrigation purposes in 
China. With China controlling the Tibetan plateau -- the source of Asia's major rivers -- 
there looms a potential conflict over depleting water reserves. Water is increasingly 
becoming a divisive issue in India's bilateral relations with China. 
Simmering tensions over territory, Tibet, energy resources and rival alliance 
relationships ensure that Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh's assertion that "there 
is enough [geopolitical] space for the two countries to develop together" will remain 
more a "hope" than a conviction. The relationship between the two rising Asian giants 
with overlapping spheres of influence and disputed frontiers will be characterized more 
by competition and rivalry than cooperation. Indeed, the possibility of confrontation 
cannot be ruled out completely. 

New Report Finds Uneven Progress in Expanding Pregnancy and Delivery Care in the Developing World

Only Half of Women in the Poorest Countries Deliver in a Health Facility

Each year, an estimated 287,000 women worldwide die from pregnancy-related causes, and approximately three million newborns do not survive past the first 28 days of life. The majority of these deaths occur in developing countries at or around the time of delivery, and result from treatable conditions that could be prevented with adequate care. However, more than a third of women in the developing world do not give birth in a health facility that has properly trained staff and adequate equipment. The vast majority of these women with an unmet need for delivery care—36 million out of the 44 million—live in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. These findings come from a new Guttmacher Institute study, Adding it Up: The Need for and Cost Maternal and Newborn Care—Estimates for 2012, by Susheela Singh, Jacqueline E. Darroch and Lori S. Ashford.

Between 2008 and 2012, the proportion of women in the developing world who delivered in health facilities increased from 55% to 64%. However, the proportion varied widely across subregions. In 2012, rates were lowest in Eastern Africa (44%), Western Africa (47%) and South Asia (51%) and highest in South America (94%), Central Asia (95%) and Eastern Asia (99%). Despite the substantial improvements in recent years, 44 million women in the developing world, as well as their newborns, lacked facility-based delivery care in 2012. The unmet need for delivery care was many times higher in the 69 poorest countries (49%) than in the rest of the developing world (6%).

"Delivering in a health facility with the assistance of trained health professionals and having access to emergency care should complications arise are absolutely critical to saving lives," said Susheela Singh. "But making sure women receive adequate antenatal care is no less important to protecting the health of pregnant women and their newborns, and improvements in this area are happening much too slowly."

Overall, in 2012, only about half (55%) of women who gave birth in the developing world had at least four antenatal visits, the minimum number recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO). Because access to care largely depends on the strength of a country's health system, there is a significant disparity between the proportion of women receiving adequate antenatal care (the WHO-recommended 4+ visits) in the 69 poorest countries (44%) and the proportion receiving such care in developing countries with higher per capita incomes (81%). In Sub-Saharan Africa, progress in providing antenatal care has been minimal; the number of women lacking appropriate care actually increased between 2008 and 2012, because increases in service provision did not keep pace with the rising number of births each year.

The study also found that obtaining antenatal care does not necessarily mean that a woman receives all of the essential services needed to ensure a healthy pregnancy. For example, in the developing world, about one-third of women with some professional antenatal care did not have at least one urine test, and a similar proportion did not have at least one blood test. Periodic urine and blood tests are recommended to screen for hypertensive disease and to assess anemia status and the need for iron supplementation. Among women who gave birth in 2012, 41% of those in Sub-Saharan Africa and 37% of those in the 69 poorest countries did not take any iron supplements.

Providing the current level of pregnancy care to women and newborns costs about US$ 11 billion per year; providing the WHO-recommended level of antenatal, delivery, newborn and postnatal care to all women—both those currently receiving services and those who have an unmet need for care—would require doubling  expenditure levels to US$24 billion. Like current spending, the additional US$13 billion in costs could be shared among national governments, donor agencies and households.

"Extensive efforts have been made in recent years to improve reproductive health services and reduce maternal and child mortality, and although we are beginning to see the impact of that investment, the level of unmet need for essential care for mothers and newborns remains very high," said Jacqueline E. Darroch. "The tremendous gains that would result from providing quality pregnancy and delivery services to all women and families would far outweigh the cost of providing these services to all who need them."

A two-page fact sheet summarizing key findings from Adding it Up: The Need for and Cost Maternal and Newborn Care—Estimates for 2012 is also available.

Report 2013 - World Increasingly Dangerous for Refugees and Migrants

REPORT 2013: WORLD INCREASINGLY DANGEROUS FOR REFUGEES AND MIGRANTS
 
(London) Global inaction on human rights is making the world an increasingly dangerous place for refugees and migrants, Amnesty International said today as it launched its annual assessment of the world's human rights.
 
The organization said that the rights of millions of people who have escaped conflict and persecution, or migrated to seek work and a better life for themselves and their families, have been abused. Governments around the world are accused of showing more interest in protecting their national borders than the rights of their citizens or the rights of those seeking refugee or opportunities within those borders. 
 
 "The failure to address conflict situations effectively is creating a global underclass. The rights of those fleeing conflict are unprotected. Too many governments are abusing human rights in the name of immigration control – going well beyond legitimate border control measures," said Salil Shetty, Secretary General of Amnesty International.
 
"These measures not only affect people fleeing conflict. Millions of migrants are being driven into abusive situations, including forced labour and sexual abuse, because of anti-immigration policies which means they can be exploited with impunity. Much of this is fuelled by populist rhetoric that targets refugees and migrants for government's domestic difficulties," said Shetty. 
 
In 2012 the global community witnessed a range of human rights emergencies that forced large numbers of people to seek safety, within states or across borders. From North Korea to Mali, Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo people fled their homes in the hope of finding safe haven.  
 
Another year has been lost for the Syrian people, where little changed apart from the ever-increasing numbers of lives lost or ruined as millions of people have been displaced by conflict. The world stood by while Syrian military and security forces continued carry out indiscriminate and targeted attacks on civilians, and to subject to enforced disappearance, arbitrarily detain, torture and extrajudicially execute those deemed to oppose the government, while armed groups continue to hold hostages and to carry out summary killings and torture on a smaller scale.
 
The excuse that human rights are 'internal affairs' has been used to block international action to address rights emergencies such as Syria. The UN Security Council – entrusted with global security and leadership – continue to fail to ensure concerted and unified political action. 
 
"Respect for state sovereignty cannot be used as an excuse for inaction. The UN Security Council must consistently stand up to abuses that destroy lives and force people to flee their homes. That means rejecting worn-out and morally bereft doctrines that mass murder, torture and starvation are no one else's business," said Shetty.
 
People attempting to flee conflict and persecution regularly encountered formidable obstacles trying to cross international borders. It was often harder for refugees to cross borders than it was for the guns and weapons that facilitated the violence that forced such people from their homes. However, the UN's adoption of an Arms Trade Treaty in March 2013 offers hope that shipments of weapons that may be used to commit atrocities may at last be halted.
 
"Refugees and displaced people can no longer be 'out of sight, out of mind'. Their protection falls to all of us. The borderless world of modern communications makes it increasingly difficult for abuses to be hidden behind national boundaries – and is offering unprecedented opportunities for everyone to stand up for the rights of the millions uprooted from their homes," said Shetty.
 
Refugees who were able to reach other countries seeking asylum often found themselves in the same boat - literally and figuratively - as migrants leaving their countries to seek a better life for themselves and their families. Many are forced to live in the margins of society, failed by ineffective laws and policies, and allowed to be the targets of the kind of populist, nationalist rhetoric that stokes xenophobia and increases the risk of violence against them. 
 
The European Union implements border control measures that put the lives of migrants and asylum-seekers at risk and fails to guarantee the safety of those fleeing conflict and persecution. Around the world, migrants and asylum-seekers are regularly locked up in detention centres and in worst case scenarios are held in metal crates or even shipping containers.
 
The rights of huge numbers of the world's 214 million migrants were not protected by their home or their host state. Millions of migrants worked in conditions amounting to forced labour - or in some cases slavery-like conditions - because governments treated them like criminals and because corporations cared more about profits than workers' rights. Undocumented migrants were particularly at risk of exploitation and human rights abuse.
 
"Those who live outside their countries, without wealth or status, are the world's most vulnerable people but are often condemned to desperate lives in the shadows," said Shetty. "A more just future is possible if governments respect the human rights of all people, regardless of nationality. The world cannot afford no-go zones in the global demand for human rights. Human rights protection must be applied to all human beings – wherever they are."
 
Notes to editors
 
1. Amnesty International Report 2013: State of the World's Human Rights covers January-December 2012.
2. Facts and figures, audio-visual materials, details of media events and other information are available. Please email press@amnesty.orgfor further details.
3. For more information or to arrange an interview with an AI spokesperson and those involved in the frontline of the struggle for human rights, contact the Press Office on + 44 (0) 20 7413 5566 or press@amnesty.org.
 
Other human rights developments highlighted in Amnesty International Report 2013:
 
- Amnesty International documented specific restrictions on free speech in at least 101 countries, and torture and ill-treatment in at least 112 countries. 
- Half of humanity remained second-class citizens in the realization of their rights, as numerous nations failed to address gender-based abuse. Soldiers and armed groups committed rapes in Mali, Chad, Sudan and the DRC; women and girls suffered execution-style killings by the Taliban in Afghanistan and Pakistan; and women and girls pregnant through rape or whose pregnancy threatened their health or life were denied access to safe abortions in countries like Chile, El Salvador, Nicaragua and the Dominican Republic.
- Across Africa, conflict, poverty and abuses by security forces and armed groups exposed the weakness of regional and international human rights mechanisms – even as the continent prepared to commemorate the African Union's 50th Anniversary, marked by a major AU summit in Ethiopia this week (19-27 May 2013). 
- In the Americas, prosecutions in Argentina, Brazil, Guatemala and Uruguay marked important advances towards justice for past violations. The Inter-American human rights system came under criticism by several governments.
- Freedom of expression came under fire across Asia Pacific, with state oppression in Cambodia, India, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives, while armed conflicts blighted the lives of tens of thousands in Afghanistan, Myanmar, Pakistan and Thailand. Myanmar freed hundreds of political prisoners, but hundreds more remained under lock and key.
- In Europe and Central Asia, accountability for crimes committed in Europe in the US-led renditions programme was elusive; in the Balkans, the likelihood of justice receded for some victims of 1990s war crimes; and Georgia's elections were a rare example of democratic transition of power in the former Soviet Union as authoritarian regimes retained their grip on power.
- In the Middle East and North Africa, countries where autocratic rulers had been ousted saw greater media freedom and expanding opportunities for civil society, but setbacks too, with challenges to freedom of expression on religious or moral grounds. Across the region, human rights and political activists continued to face repression, including imprisonment and torture in custody. November saw a new escalation in the Israel / Gaza conflict. 
- Globally, the death penalty continued to retreat – despite setbacks including Gambia's first executions for 30 years, and Japan's first execution of a woman in 15 years.

Chitwan Dibyanagar ward no 9 Voter List 2013

 (To see Original List in Nepali, visit this link)

(Disclaimer, Names may be wrong or wrongly translated, because It is Google automatic translation)

1

09499255

Anju Kunwar

Missing Vhadur Kunwar

Man Kumari Kunwar

2

09499329

An Kum officer

Devi Prasad Pudel

Bhagirathi Pudel

3

09499049

Anita Dhakal

Purshottam Dhakal

Gauri Dhakal

4

09497160

Anita Bhandari regional

Bhim Bahadur Grthy

Holding a regional

5

14338216

Anil Khanal

Dole Nath Khanal

Devi Maya Khanal

6

09499359

Anjun officer

Sroj Vhadur officer

Tara Devi officer

7

09499413

Anju Kdka Thapa )

Bharat Bahadur 's .

Savitri 's .

8

09499258

Antima Kunwar

Deu Bahadur Kunwar

Mohnkumari Kunwar

9

09499186

Annpuarn Kdka Dhakal

Male Vhadur Dhakal

Kashi Maya Dhakal

10

09499244

Aby Raj Pudel

Ish varee offerings Pudel

Nandkumari Pudel

11

09499036

Amrita Chapagai

Ram Prasad Chapagai

Dmhwara Pandey

12

09499304

Amrita Rana but

Pum brave but

Dil Maya but

13

16486832

Ambika Kafle

Well offerings Lmsal

Luma goddess Lmsal

14

09499155

Ambika Thapa

Bhim Bahadur Thapa

Diamond Thapa

15

09499120

Arjun Kdka

Gup T Vhadur Kdka

Vishnu Maya Kdka

16

09499194

Cession Kdka

Gup T Vhadur Kdka regional

Vishnu Maya Kdka

17

09499230

Ashok Kumar Kashmir .

The  Bahadur .

Lalu Maya Kashmir .

18

09498829

Asmita 's C

Money brave regional

Wake Virgin Territory

19

09499252

Hope officer

Govind officer

Indira officer

20

09498904

Indira Khanal

Vidmapti Suvedi

Happy Miss Suvedi

21

09499264

Indira Tkuri

Bright Vhadur Malla

Savitri Pudel regional

22

09499115

Indira Thapa

Man Bahadur Karki

Saraswati Karki

23

09498896

Indira Devi Sharma

Shashidhar Khanal

Hinges Miss Sharma

24

09499365

Indra Bahadur Bhandari

Fine value Bhandari

Season Maya Bhandari

25

09499189

Imkla Ghimire

Devi Prasad Ghimire

Thumbnail KumariGhimire

26

09498840

Ish varee Vhadur Dhakalregional

Anne Dhakal regional

Ram Kumari Dhakal

27

09499044

Indu officer

Full offerings officer

Kunti Devi officer

28

09499300

Isrhwari Devi Koirala

Modnath Pudel

Durga Devi Pudel

29

09499243

Ish varee offerings Pudel

Vishnuprasad Pudel

Cndrakumari Pudel

30

09498855

Ish lion Pudel

Dayaram Pudel

Sita Devi Pudel

31

09499408

Ukil Kumar Rai

Nar Bahadur Rai

Male Maya rye

32

09499426

Ujir brave but

Amar Bahadur But

Mind Maya but

33

09499435

Top Bahadur Singh

Mohan Bahadur Singh

Savitri Singh

34

09498936

Uday Ram Chapagai

Vishnu Prasad Chapagai

Lli goddess Chapagai

35

2438998

Uma Debi Sharma

Chhayaँ Dutt Sharma

Gita Kumari Sharma

36

09499035

Umakant Chapagai

Balram Chapagai

Tulki goddess Chapagai

37

09498864

Umakant Pudel

Dayaram like

Jay Miss Pudel

38

09499051

Urmila Devkota

Lok Nath Devkota

Rupa Devi Devkota

39

09499103

Usha Shaha

Gopal Shaha

Anita Shaha

40

09499183

ऋkishr varee Pudel

Chudamni Gautam

Krinhn Art Gautam

41

09498915

A Narayan Khanal Jasi

Hinges Ram Khanal

Vasundhara Khanal

42

09499013

A Narayan Dma

Sun Red Dma

Sri Sri

43

09498867

A Narayan Sharma

Kalaadhar Sharma

Fascinating Sharma

44

09498992

Om Bahadur Kdka

Motilal Kdka

Indra Art Kdka

45

13908904

Om Bahadur Service

Dil Bahadur Service

Sucommaya Service

46

13911323

Kamal Subedi

Hiramni Subedi

Lilawati Subedi

47

09498981

Kamal Nath Khanal

Home Nath Khanal

Radhika Devi Khanal

48

09499238

Caterpillar Dhakal

Deal brave Bhujel

Rama Bhujel

49

09498874

Kamala Sharma

Guru Dutt Sharma

Tulsi Sharma

50

09498962

Kamala Devi Ghimire

Tulsi Prasad Officer

Ganga Devi officer

51

09498925

Kamala Devi Grand

Leila Vhadur Kdka

 

52

09499261

Karna Bahadur Kadँtkuri

Kgendra brave Kadँtkuri

Hair Miss Kadँtkuri

53

09499156

Karna Bahadur Grti

Mngle Grti

Kmli Grti

54

09499117

Art expecting Bhandari

 

Full Kumari Bhandari

55

09499423

Klawati Bhandari Rimal )

Nrpti Bhandari

Mind Karni Bhandari

56

09498993

Imagine Kdka

Juddh Vhadur Tndn

 

57

09499421

Imagine Kdka

Tikaram 's .

Krishna Kumari 's .

58

09499235

Imagine Nyupane

Kdanand Pudel

Durga Pudel

59

09499088

Kalika Khanal

Hinges Ram Bsyal

Nankla Bsyal

60

09498929

Kiran Raj Mrhtta

Tirth Raj Mrhtta

Coinage Miss Mrhtta

61

09499381

Safflower Tamaङg

Ram Bahadur Guruङg

 

62

09499325

Masterpiece Miss Pudel

Devi Prasad Lmsal

Rukmini Lmsal

63

09499031

Krishna Chapagai

Love offerings Chapagai

Goma Devi Chapagai

64

09498948

Krishna Kumari Khanal

Taaraapati officer

Mnrupa officer

65

09499188

Krishna Kumari Dhakal

Shobha Nath officer

Rama Devi officer

66

09498907

Krishna Prasad Khanal

A Narayan Khanal

Khem Kumari Khanal

67

09498854

Krishna Prasad Dhakal

Purushottam lotus Dhakal

Gauri Dhakal

68

09499275

Krishna Prasad Pathak

Devi Prasad Pathak

Ratna Kumari reader

69

09498998

Krishna Prasad Bhushal

Surya Prasad Bhushal

Maya Devi Bhushal

70

09499424

Krishna Prasad Rimal

Rust red Rimal

Kalawati Bhandari

71

09499384

Krishna Prasad Lamichhane

Dndpani Lamichhane

Bhima Devi Lamichhane

72

09498883

Krishna Bahadur Grti

Havoc Sin Grti

Goma dawi Grti

73

09498828

Krishna Bahadur Bhandari

Ram Bahadur Bhandari

Vishnu Kumari Bhandari

74

09498903

Krishna Maya Sharma

Chudamni Cwai

Ganga Suvedi

75

09499262

Hair Miss Khan Tkuri

Cvilal Pudel

 

76

09499406

Keshav Raj Thapa

Ram Vhadur Thapa

Ganga Devi Thapa

77

09498986

Kehar value Guruङg

Hrk value Guruङg

Kasiri Guruङg

78

09498966

Kopila officer

Chudamni Nyupane

Gayatri Devi Nyupane

79

09498928

Kopila Giri

Mr. Prasad Giri

Instead Maya Giri

80

09498942

Kaushila Chapagai

Ram Chandra Sapkota

Khem Kumari Sapkota

81

09499425

Kgi Maya Bhandari

Mniknt Rimal

Nari Rimal

82

09498848

Kdanand Dhakal

Cvilal Dhakal

 

83

09498905

Khem Kumari Khanal

Pramannd Bhusal

Gauri Bhusal

84

09498875

Khem Narayan Dhakal

Umapathy Dhakal

Devrupa Dhakal

85

09498873

Ganga Sharma

Guru Dutt Sharma

Tulsi Sharma

86

09499360

Ganga Devi officer

Mathvr Sin officer

But the Miss Officer

87

09499001

Ganga Maya Guruङg

Sntmni Guruङg

Devisra Guruङg

88

09499200

Ganga Vhadur Guruङg

Bossy Vhadur Guruङg

Red Maya Guruङg

89

09498888

Ganesh Prajuli

Hem Nath as

Sita Devi as

90

09499067

Ganesh Bhujel

Knowledge Vhadur Bhujel

Lkshima Grthy

91

09499386

Ganesh Lamichhane

Krishna Prasad Lamichhane

Hari Art Lamichhane

92

09499350

Ganesh Bahadur Malla

Chandra Bahadur Malla

Kvindra Miss Malla

93

09499331

Gita officer

Shiv Prasad Sapkota

Lakshmi Sapkota

94

09499166

Gita Kunwar

Sword Vhadur Kunwar

Srswati Kunwar

95

09499223

Gita Drai

Jimna Drai

Vishnu Maya Drai

96

09499196

Gita Pudel

Cirञgivi Sapkota

Matrikla Sapkota

97

09499410

Gita Kumari Pudel

Bhavani Prasad Dhakal

Shobha Dhakal

98

09498870

Geeta Kumari Sharma

Krishna Prasad Sharma

Yum Kum Sharma

99

09498826

Gup T brave Kdkakshetri

Lalit Bahadur Kdka

Indra Kumari Kdka

100

09498818

Gup T Vhadur San Tkuri

Bhuwan Sin Tkuri

Padma Kumari Tkuri

101

09499253

Missing Bahadur Kunwar

Deu Bahadur Kunwar

Commentary Miss K.

102

09498827

Guman Singh Thapa

Mind Bahadur Thapa

 

103

09498871

Guru Dutt Sharma

A Narayan Sharma

Sesame Miss Sharma

104

09499165

Gokul Kunwar

Lion Kunwar Vhadur

Parvati Kunwar

105

09498944

Gopal Prasad Rimal

Uma Kant Rimal

Sri Sri

106

09499288

But Gopilal

But Chandra Bahadur

But Panmti

107

09499030

Goma Devi Chapagaँi

Kusmakr Timilsina

Sri Sri

108

09499143

Govin Guruङg

Bhim Vhadur Guruङg

Miss hinges Guruङg

109

09499323

But Gumaya

But Tula

But Indira

110

09498895

Gaurav Bhushal

Ram Prasad Bhushal

Indira Devi Sharma

111

09498808

Gauri officer

Gangadhar Sharma officer

Rmadevi Sharma officer

112

09499047

Gauri Dhakal

Bharat Khanal

Mnrupa Khanal

113

09498884

Gauri Devi Grti

Bhotu Grti

Godavari Grti

114

09498837

Gauri Devi Chapagai

Dndpani Rijal

Hrikla Rijal

115

09499003

Pokrel like Ghanshyam

Sadakr Pokrel

Deurupa Pokrel

116

09499321

Ghanshyam Bnne Dniram regional

Kgeshwar Kandel

Ms. Savitri Kandel

117

09499180

Ghanshyam Dhakal

Chudamni Dhakal

Ms. Krishna Dhakal

118

16469681

Chakra Prasad Sharma

Dilli Ram Chapagai

Holy Chapagai

119

11068668

Ckrpani Pudel

Jai Narain Sharma

Dillikla goddess Pudel

120

09498949

Chandra Kala Khanal

Star husband Officer

Mind Rupa officer

121

09498876

Chandra Kala Dhakal

Dayaram Kandel

 

122

09498866

Chandra Sharma bud

Khem Lal officer

Lilawati officer

123

09498984

Chandra Kant Chapagai

Kdanand Chapagai

Buddhisra Chapagai

124

09499008

Chandra Maya Guruङ

Nrjit Guruङ

Suk Maya Guruङ

125

09499282

Miss Cndrai Jedimgr

Pdmvhadur Jedimgr

Sri Sri

126

09499298

But Maya Cij

But Rana Dmhwar

But Ms. Rana Chaula

127

09499241

Cijmaya Vilkl

Values Vhadur Vilkl

Lalu Maya Vilkl

128

09498887

Picture Miss Sharma

Sadakr Sharma

Deurupa Pokrel

129

09499283

Rimal Citrdevi

As Sadakr

Deurupa Jasi

130

09498811

Cina Kum San Tkuri

Team Vhadur porcupine

Cini Maya porcupine

131

09498807

Cirञgivi Khanal

Bharat Khanal

Mnrupa Khanal

132

09498853

Chudamni Dhakal

Umapathy Dhakal

Deurupa Dhakal

133

09499348

Chet Maya Ranabat

Indra Vhadur Ranabat

Revathi Ranabat

134

09499250

Chetnath Upadhyay

Kalaadhar Upadhyay

Lakshmi Upadhyay

135

09498825

Cli Devi Dhakal

Krishna Prasad Pudel

Bhagwati Pudel

136

09498820

Image Red Padhy

Macri Padhy

Lila Maya Padhy

137

09498869

Shadow Dutt Sharma

A Narayan Sharma

Sesame Miss Sharma

138

09499422

Rust red Rimal

Friend Red Rimal

Love Miss Rimal

139

09499161

Jung Vhadur Priar

Deu Vhadur Priar

Pavli Priar

140

09499380

Jag Vhadur Tamaङ

Kalu Tamaङ

Mon Maya Tamaङ

141

09499040

Parent red refined

Ratnkr Chapagai

Nandkla Chapagai

142

09499004

Like Jamuna (Pokrel)

Krishna Prasad Pathak

Miss Love reader

143

09498893

Jamuna Dhakal

Lok Nath Sharma Rijal

Holy Rijal

144

09499020

Jamuna Devi officer

Shashidhar Regmi

Sita Regmi

145

09498861

As Miss Glory

Durga Dutt Sharma

Cndrakli Suvedi

146

09499106

Jasuda Padhyani

Bhaskar Dhakal

Dkshina Dhakal

147

13661906

Janaki Krel

Seshkant Krel

Vishnu Maya Krel

148

09499407

Xanuka Devi Thapa

Deal brave Vania

Ms. Vania arm

149

09499221

Jayshwar Chapagai

Vishnu Prasad Chapagai

Lli goddess Chapagai

150

09498819

Jitendra Pratap Tkuri

Tapendra Pratap Tkuri

Sita Tkuri

151

09499412

Jivan Kdka (Thapa)

Love Vhadur Kdka

Vishnu Maya Kdka

152

09499237

Life Dhakal

Devi Lal Sharma

Banquet Miss Dhakal

153

09499301

Life Natha Koirala

Total Prasad Koirala

Maya Devi Koirala

154

09499195

Knowledge Prasad Khanal

Bharat Khanal

Rupa mind Khanal

155

09499355

Knowledge Imperial Maya

Home Vhadur Malla

Mohan Miss Royal

156

09499335

Jञanu Bhandari

Pratap Kdka

Ram Kumari Kdka

157

09499392

Gyanendra Bahadur (Chapagai) regional

Kmlapti Chapagai

Parvati Devi Chapagai

158

13841111

Jyoti Suvedi

Home Nath Sharma

Goddess Durga Suvedi

159

09498994

Jmk offerings Amgai

Pani punishment Amgai

Child Miss Amgai

160

09499071

Miss coin Mrhtta

Narayan Mrhtta

Draupti Mrhtta

161

09499104

Tapendra Pratap Tkuri

Male Pratap Tkuri

Sri Sri

162

09499022

Hinges officer

Sun Bhattarai

Painting Bhattarai

163

09499154

Miss hinges Khanal

Pramanand Pudel

 

164

09499142

Miss hinges Guruङg

Benny Vhadur Thapa

Chandra Thapa

165

09499041

Miss hinges Chapagai

Moon gem Pandey

Topakli Pandey

166

09498913

Hinges Ram Khanal

Wrhlal Khanal

Kaushila Khanal

167

09498865

Tikaram Pudel

Dayaram like

As Miss Glory

168

09499398

Tikaram Bhandari

Dinnath Bhandari

Shobha Bhandari

169

09498926

Tek Bahadur KC

Hrk Bahadur Khatri

Vulture Kumari Khatri

170

09499270

Tech Vhadur Silwal

Bhim Vhadur Silwal

Full Miss Silwal

171

09499305

But brave hat

But Shivlal

But Cuma

172

09499306

But brave thugs

But brave hat

But Durpta

173

09499295

But Miss Dmber

But Sher Bahadur

But Jakli

174

09499009

Dmhwar brave Guruङ

Kamal Singh Guruङ

Suk Maya Guruङ

175

09499431

Miss Dlli Dhakal

Laxmi Prasad Chapagai

Srikli Chapagai

176

13911465

Dill Narayan Sharma

A Narayan Sharma

Sesame Miss Sharma

177

09499226

Dilaram Gotame

Vasudeva Gotame

Belmti Gotame

178

09499207

Dilawati Kafle

Blibdra Kandel

Kalawati Kandel

179

09457639

Dilli Ram Pokrel

Jyotikr Pokrel

Jamuna Pokrel

180

09498863

Dilli Ram Pudel

Dayaram like

As JAYAKUMARI

181

09499268

Dillikla goddess Pudel

Tula Ram Acharya

Lakshmi Sharma

182

09499090

Dikuri goddess

Dndpani Kandel

Deurupa Kandel

183

09499158

Deal Vhadur Bhujel

Ear Vhadur Grti

Honey Maya Grti

184

09499089

As Dilli Prasad

Nand Lal as

Nrkdi goddess

185

09498923

Dole Nath Khanal

Ram Chandra Khanal

Bhuwani Khanal

186

09499274

Dole Vhadur Dmai

Nare Dmai

Male Miss Dmai

187

09499401

Dakaram Drgi

Tilak Bahadur Drgi

Bhim Kumari Drgi

188

09499184

Tara Kafle

Megh Nath Ghimire

Jamuna Ghimire

189

09499199

Tara Guruङg

Karna Bahadur Guruङg

Lila Guruङg

190

09499102

Miss Tara Tkuri

Public Vhadur Tkuri

Kgisra Tkuri

191

09499358

Tara Devi officer

Tuk Vhadur Thapa

Bsundhari Thapa

192

09496736

Tara Nath Bhusal

Leknath Bhusal

Mina Devi Bhusal

193

09499006

Tara Nath Rimal

Rimal Mnhri

Chandra Maya Rimal

194

09499404

Tara Bahadur Nepali

Tailor Dakaram

Tailor Belkumari

195

09498983

Taranath Khanal

Home Nath Khanal

Radhika Devi Khanal

196

09499182

Taaraapati Tarakr Pudel Sharma

Tikaram Sharma Pudel

Ajuddh Pudel

197

09499419

Tirth Miss kernel

Narayan Puri

Sita kernel

198

09499163

Tirth Raj Mrhtta

Vuddhi luxury Mrhtta

Padma Kumari Mrhtta

199

09498815

Tirtha Lmsal

Tikaram Bhattarai

Ganga Devi Bhattarai

200

09499234

Sesame Maya Neupane

Shashidhar Ghimire

Gaura Ghimire

201

09498917

Tilktm Khanal

A Narayan Khanal

Dolly Devi Khanal

202

09499093

Tilkumari San Tkuri

Tek Bahadur Sahi

Citrkumari porcupine

203

09498872

Tulsi Sharma

Mohdutt Suvedi

Dropti Suvedi

204

09498972

Tulsi Devi Pudel

Dndpani Lamichhane

Bhima Devi Lamichhane

205

09498988

Miss balance Guruङg

Nthuङg Guruङg

 

206

09499322

First Miss regional

Bhim Red Territory

Miss Pune regional

207

09499215

Dmnti goddess Bsnet

Dan Bahadur Rawal

Ratni Raval

208

09499149

Mercy Kumari Thapa

Wayne Vhadur Thapa

Chandra Kumari Thapa

209

09498860

Dayaram like

As Mitrlal

Like Durgawati

210

09498857

Dayaram Pudel

Spring Pudel

HARIKALA Pudel

211

09499233

Damodar Neupane

Shiv Shankar Neupane

Klawati Neupane

212

09498946

Dina Nath Bhandari

Mnhrk Bhandari

Kaushila Bhandari

213

16486837

Dinesh Lamichhane

Laxmi Prasad Lamichhane

Maya Devi Lamichhane

214

09499302

Dipak Koirala

Life Nath Koirala

Ishwari Devi Koirala

215

09499119

Dipak Thapa

Late Vhdur Thapa

Indira Thapa

216

09499214

Dipak Thapa

Hari Thapa Vllv

Skuntla Thapa

217

09498834

Dipak Priar

Om Vhadur Priar

Cijmaya Priar

218

09499021

Dipak Red Officer

Vishnu Prasad Officer

Jamuna Devi officer

219

09498976

Dipa Nyupane

Dolraj Aryal

Maya Hari Aryal

220

09499034

Dipa Bhatt

Tula Bhatt

Lok Maya Bhatt

221

09499393

Dipendra Chapagai

Kmlapti Chapagai

Parvati Devi Chapagai

222

09499059

Miss Heart Chapagai

Gangadhar Bhushal

Hari Art Bhushal

223

09499105

Heart Kum San Tkuri

Red Vhadur San Tkuri

Nint Kum San Tkuri

224

09499324

Divya Nath Pudel

Tikaram Pudel

Rukmini Pudel

225

09499074

Durga Dhakal

Indramni Dhakal

Huma Devi Dhakal

226

09498911

Rimal Durgadevi

Actinic Prasad Khanal

Sri Sri

227

09499286

But Dev Bahadur

But brave Sr.

But Miss Mole

228

09499303

Devaki Koirala

Tek Nath Sigdel

Lakshmi Sigdel

229

09498958

Devaki Mudbri Chapagai

Chetprasad Mudbri

North Miss. Mudbri

230

09499108

Kumari Devi Sarki

Krishna Bahadur Nepali

 

231

09498924

Maya Devi Pudel (Khanal)

Narayan Prasad Pudel

Basil Pudel

232

08631259

Devu Ram Bhandari

Indra Bahadur Bhandari

Sannani Bhandari

233

09499023

Miss Money Kafle

Image Red Chapagai

Money Rupa Chapagai

234

09499042

Money offerings Chapagai

Parent Red Chapagai

Miss hinges Chapagai

235

09498927

Wealth of Maya. C

Kdk Vhadur regional

Yashoda Ghimire

236

09499326

Dnmaya Prajuli

Public offerings Pgenni

Miss Tara Pgenni

237

09499219

Dharmkla Chapagai

Tomnath officer

Msura Goddess officer

238

09499177

Righteous Khanal

Kgeshwar Sapkota

Bhagirathi Sapkota

239

09499098

Dipan Bhandari

St Bhandari

Bhavani Bhandari

240

09499284

But Nagendra

But heroic Vhadur

But Miss Mole

241

09499434

Sister Miss Khanal (Dhakal)

Dilli Ram Khanal

Savitri Khanal

242

09499366

Male Bhupal Khanal

Ram Chandra Khanal

Bhuwani Khanal

243

14339163

Male Maya Raut (regional)

Bar brave Bsnet

Lilawati Bsnet regional

244

13911152

Nvraj Sharma

Guru Dutt Sharma

Tulsi Sharma

245

09497159

Bhandari Bhandari Nvraj regional

Bhim Bahadur Bhandari

Shanta Devi Bhandari

246

09498844

Nvin Dhakal

Muktinath Dhakal

Bhagwati Nath Dhakal

247

09498943

Nvin Prasad Sharma

Tara Prasad Padya

Durga Devi Sharma

248

09499228

Narayan Gotame

Dilaram Gotame

Muna Gotame

249

09499337

ND Ghimire

Pashupati Ghimire

Bal Kumari Ghimire

250

09499345

ND Ghimire

Thakur Dutt Ghimire

Vishnu Maya Ghimire

251

09499260

Narayan Pudel

Uma Nath Pudel

Srswati Pudel (pastor)

252

16486722

Narayan Prasad Kafle

Musicians Nath Kafle

Miss Money Kafle

253

09498959

Narayan Prasad Dhakal

Khem Narayan Dhakal

Chandra Kala Dhakal

254

09499273

Narayan Silwal Vhadur

Bhim Vhadur Silwal

Full Miss Silwal

255

09499368

Narayani Tiwari

Liladhar Khanal

Freeze Maya Khanal

256

09498892

Nim Prasad Dhakal

Khem Narayan Dhakal

Chandra Kala Dhakal

257

09499026

Nirmala officer

Durga Prasad Officer

Parvati officer

258

09499066

Nirmala Grti

Love Vhadur Khatri

China Maya Khatri

259

09499218

Nirmala Bohora

Surya Bahadur Thapa

Amvika Thapa

260

16110926

Mark Tamaङ

Red birr Tamaङ

Ambeswri Kderiya

261

09498978

Niscndra Bhujel

Dill Vhadur Bhujel

Rama Bhujel

262

09499164

Ms. Padma Dhakal

Juddh brave Bhujel

Kgi Maya Bhujel

263

09499246

Padam Bahadur Bndari

Handmade brave Bndari

Vishnu Maya Bndari

264

09499294

But Padam Bahadur

But Chandra Bahadur

But Panmti

265

09499070

Padma Vhadur Priar

Handmade Vhadur Priar

Sant Maya Priar

266

09499193

Wind Pudel

Donachary Pudel

Gita Pudel

267

09499197

Holy Sapkota

Hari Prasad Sapkota

Miss Dill Sapkota

268

09499085

Holy Kunwar

Kalu Kunwar

Sri Sri

269

09499327

Holy Gotame

Fnindra offerings Gotame

Menuka Gotame

270

09498933

Holy Bhandari

Om Prasad Bhandari

Amvika Bhandari

271

09499170

Holy Suvedi

Pramanand Pudel

Sri Sri

272

09498859

Holy Divine Pudel

Tikaram Acharya

Muna Devi Acharya

273

09499428

Pashupati Kumari niche

Gyan Bahadur Pulami

Sita Pulami

274

09499025

Parvati officer

Bvdutt Rijal

Miss Mole Rijal

275

09498990

Parvati Kandel (Officer)

Nrishwar Kandel

Kaushila Kandel

276

09499210

Parvati Kunwar

Lok Bahadur Kunwar

Kunwar Rupa

277

09499338

Parvati Ghimire

Wall Krishna Pudel

Honey Maya Pndit

278

09498849

Parvati Dhakal

Ckrpani Padya

Batuli Aryal

279

09499162

Parvati Priar

Sri Sri

Sri Sri

280

09499185

Parvati Priar

Lal Singh Dma

Mind Miss Priar

281

09499279

Parvati reader

Vishnu Prasad Ghimire

Laxmi Ghimire

282

09499257

Parvati Bhandari

Full Vhadur regional

Sirkumari regional

283

09499353

Parvati Malla

Jeet Bahadur Malla

Shiv Kumari Malla

284

09499084

Parvati Devi Kunwar

Kunwar Bhuvn Vhadur

Maya Kini Kunwar

285

09499394

Parvati Devi Chapagai

 

 

286

09498916

Dolly Devi Khanal

 

Gauri Kafle

287

09499048

Purushottam Kamal Dhakal

Umapathy Dhakal

Devrupa Dhakal

288

09498974

Livelong Art Lamichhane

Male Hari Kandel

Babe Kandel

289

09498977

Prakash Sapkota

Love Hari Sapkota

Bhagwati Sapkota

290

09499038

Creator Chapagai

Ratnkr Chapagai

Nandkla Chapagai

291

09499420

Pramila Ghimire

Bharat Mohan Adhikari

Freeze Maya officer

292

09499276

Miss Love reader

Jegedutt Luitel

 

293

09499029

Love offerings Chapagai

Balram Chapagai

Tulki goddess Chapagai

294

09499311

Love Vhadur rye

Buddhi the rye

Dlli Maya rye

295

09498898

Love Hari Sapkota

Jai Narayan Sapkota

Bhumi Sapkota

296

09499191

Fnindra Prasad Khanal

Shashidhar Khanal

Miss hinges Khanal

297

09499308

Fun Narayan Rimal

Rimal Dilliram

Rimal HARIKALA

298

09499271

Full Miss Silwal

 

 

299

09499312

Fulmaya rye

Vhadur sword rye

Asmaya rye

300

16013806

Bomb Vhadur Guruङ

Every value Guruङ

Pasri Guruङ

301

09499245

Balram Pudel

Ishwari Prasad Pudel

Nandkumari Pudel

302

09498914

Bsundhara Khanal

Lila Ballav Kafle

Lilawati Kafle

303

09499396

Pandit Bsundhara

Mnohrka Bhandari

Shushila Bhandari

304

09499212

Thapa Biki

Hari Thapa Bllv

Skuntla Thapa

305

13540959

Bishnu Kumar Thapa Kuँbr

Missing brave Kuँbr

Miss Mann Kuँbr

306

09499378

Wisdom Prasad Dhakal

Khem Narayan Dhakal

Chandra Kala Dhakal

307

09499248

Ben Vhadur Bhandari

Handmade Vhadur Bhandari

Bhagwati officer

308

09498845

Bhagwati Dhakal

Home Nath Aryal

Toya Maya Aryal

309

09498968

Bhagwati Dahal

Padma Prasad Ghimire

Prem Kumari Ghimire

310

09496744

Bhagwati Pokharel

Knowledge Prasad Pokharel

Miss Yama Pokharel

311

09498899

Bhagwati Sapkota

Narayan Chapagai

Sumitra Chapagai

312

09498956

Goddess Kumari Dahal

Chet Narayan Regmi

Vldwa Regmi

313

09498970

Bhadra Maya Dahal

Ram Prasad Ghimire

 

314

09499178

Bharat Khanal

Wrm red Khanal

Kaushila Khanal

315

09499160

Bharat Priar

Deu Bahadur Priar

Parvati Priar

316

09499095

Bhavani Bhandari

Eye Vhadur Pandey

Padma Kumari Pandey

317

09499364

Bhiusen Thapa

Ram Bahadur Thapa

Goddess Ganga Thapa

318

09499281

But Bhim Suva Guruङg

Dill Vhadur Guruङg

Miss Mole Guruङg

319

09498830

Bhim Sen Rout

Heart Vhadur Rout

Egyptian Rout

320

09498973

Bhima Devi Lamichhane

ऋsiram Khanal

 

321

09498814

Bhim Bhandari Vhadur

Thug Vhadur Bhandari

Sri Sri

322

09498918

Bhuwani Khanal

Purshottam Dhakal

Nkti Dhakal

323

09499236

Banquet Kumari Sharma (Dhakal)

Dilli Ram officer

Parvati officer

324

09498902

Bhola Nath Sharma

Brahm Sharma

Huma Devi Sharma

325

09499371

Honey Maya officer

Min Vhadur Dital

Kushi Dital

326

09499014

Mind Miss Priar

Tul Bahadur Priar

Kopila Priar

327

09499285

Mind Miss Rana

Dmber Bahadur Rana

Miss T Rana

328

09499056

Mind Miss Royal

Secret Vhadur Rana

Devkla Rana

329

09499082

Kunwar Vhadur mind

Nand Lal Kunwar

Vasundhara Kunwar

330

09499172

Vhadur mind Kdka

Ganesh Vhadur Kdka

Sumitra Kdka

331

09499169

Mnkumari Suvedi

Moteeprasad Pudel

Miss Hair Pudel

332

09499179

Mnrupa Khanal

Soul Ram officer

Devka officer

333

09499266

Manu Miss Rimal

Total Prasad Lamichhane

Lilawati Lamichhane

334

09497179

Winsome Milan Chapagai

Creator Chapagai

Maneka Chapagai

335

09499028

Mamata Lamichhane

Laxmi Prasad Lamichhane

Maya Devi Lamichhane

336

09498971

Mmita Ghimire

Raja Ghimire

 

337

09499387

Mahendra Prasad Chapagai

Lotus husband Chapagai

Parvati Devi Chapagai

338

09498851

Mahendra Prasad Dhakal

Chudamni Dhakal

Moti Devi Dhakal

339

09499118

Maheshcndra Bhandari

Krinhn Bahadur Bhandari

Art expecting Bhandari

340

09498891

Maatrakaa goddess Pudel

Shiv Prasad Dhakal

Holy Dhakal

341

09498961

Madhav Sharmagimire

Pashupati Ghimire

Gaura Devi Ghimire

342

09499254

Man Kumari Kunwar

Kunwar Kulman

Parvati Kunwar

343

09498894

Maya Sharma

Moti Prasad Sapkota

Miss Dill Sapkota

344

09499397

Miss Maya Sapkota

Krishna Lal Krel

Maya Devi Krel

345

09499409

Maya Devi Pudel (Rai)

Home Narayan Pudel

Ms. Gita Pudel

346

09498997

Maya Devi Bhusal

Creator Bhusal

 

347

09499027

Maya Devi Lamichhane

Anne Dhakal regional

Ram Kumari Lamichhane

348

09499292

But Mitu

But Jay Vhadur

But Miss Gum

349

09498937

Mitra Bandhu Chapagain

Vishnu Prasad Chapagain

Lli goddess Chapagain

350

09499039

Minka Chapagain

Bharat Chapagai

Mnrupa Chapagai

351

09499107

Mina officer

Brtmni officer

Mnju officer

352

09499050

Mina Exorcist (Dhakal)

Ishwari Ojha

Bhagwati Oza

353

09498975

Mina regional

Bhim Bahadur Visht

Miss Tuck Visht

354

09499263

Mina Khaँd Tkuri

Ram Bahadur Thapa

Punisra Thapa

355

09499383

Mina Drgi

All Priar

 

356

09499249

Mina Kumari Bhandari

Shook Vhadur regional

Sumitra Devi regional

357

09499010

Mina Devi Sharma

Coin Prasad Sharma

Kgisra Sharma

358

09499293

But Meena Kumari

But Deu Vhadur

But Miss hinges

359

09499016

Meena Devi Bhusal

Vishnu Prasad Officer

Jamuna Devi officer

360

09498947

Discharge Bhandari

Dinanath Bhandari

Shobha Devi Bhandari

361

09498843

Mukti Nath Dhakal

Umapathy Dhakal

Devrupa Dhakal

362

09499227

Muna Gotame

Mnirth Dhakal

Dnkumari Dhakal

363

09499065

Muna Dhakal

Shining Bhandari

Shiv Kumari Bhandari

364

09499296

But Muna

But Padma Vhadur

But Miss Dmhwar

365

09499342

Muna Kumari Ghimire Wagle

Mukti Nath Wagle

Goddess Shiva Wagle

366

09498964

Megh Nath officer

Sage Ram officer

Sri Sri

367

09498890

Megh Nath Pudel

Dilli Ram Pudel

Kaushila Pudel

368

09499229

Moti Lal Gotame

Dilaram Gotame

Muna Gotame

369

16013807

Pearls Mayaँ Guruङg

Mngle Guruङg

Black Guruङg

370

09499315

Mohan Bahadur Tkuri

Ishwari brave Tkuri

Durga Kumari Tkuri

371

09498910

Yagya Raj Gautam

Bhoj Raj Gautam

Padma Devi Gautam

372

09499427

But Miss Yama

But brave crew

 

373

09499291

Miss Yama Ranamgr

Chandra Bahadur Thapa

Kunti Kumari Thapa

374

09498812

Ympratap San Tkuri

Male Pratap Sen Tkuri

Mnkumari San Tkuri

375

09498862

Ysoda Sharma

Dayaram Jasi

Miss Glory Jasi

376

09499417

Yadav kernel

Wavuram kernel

Tirth Miss kernel

377

09498897

Miss yam Lamichhane

ND Sapkota

Om Kumari Sapkota

378

09499391

Younger Miss Pandey

Khumraj Pandey

Imagine Pandey

379

09498822

Yo Maya Tmaङ

 

 

380

09499361

Khatri Yogmaya Thapa

Dan Vhadur Khatri

Vasundhara Khatri

381

09498850

Rama Dhakal

Black Dash Exorcist

Bthu Maya Exorcist

382

09499416

Rama Bsula

Money brave Bsula

Goddess Shiva Bsula

383

09499299

But Rana Rvina

But Lila Vhadur

But Maya Cij

384

09498885

Rabindra Grti

Krishna Vhadur Grti

Gaura Devi Grti

385

13661905

Rabindra Prasad Sharma

Dilli Ram Sharma Chapagai

Holy Chapagai

386

13530805

Raj Kumar Guruङg

Kedar value Guruङg

Kumari weighing Guruङg

387

09499382

Raju Drgi

Tilak Vhadur Drgi

Miss Bhom Drgi

388

09499278

Raju reader

Krishna Prasad Pathak

Miss Love reader

389

13911435

But Rajesh niche

Ram Bahadur But

But Pshupti niche

390

09498877

Radha Dhakal

Prbanand Kafle

Uma Devi Kafle

391

09498835

Radha Pandey

Coin Prasad Pandey

Goddess Art Pandey

392

09499256

Radhika Pokrel

Thakur Prasad Pudel

Devaki Pudel

393

09499265

Radhika Pudel

Gautam Ddiram

Gautam Rundta

394

09499211

Radhika Pudel officer

Jivanath Pudel

Akshara Pudel

395

09498934

Radhika Sapkota (Chapagai)

Sun Red Sapkota

Dev Art Sapkota

396

09498991

Radhika Devi officer

 

 

397

09498982

Radhika Devi Khanal

Gangadhar Suvedi

 

398

09499370

Ram sweet Dital

Amhwar brave Visht

Miss Lila Visht

399

09498878

Ram Prasad Khanal

Shashidhar Khanal

Miss hinges Khanal

400

09499232

Ram Prasad Nyupane

Damodar Nyupane

Sesame Maya Nyupane

401

14883352

Ram Prasad Bhushal

Lalu Prasad Bhushal

Miss Money Bhushal

402

09499362

Ram Thapa Vhadur

Sin Mathvr Thapa

Chet Kumari Thapa

403

14336489

Ram Sharan Mahat

Tek Bahadur Mahat

Kamala Devi Grand

404

09499433

Ramchandra Dhakal

Liladhar Dhakal

Miss Dlli Dhakal

405

09499354

Ramji royal

Wm Vhadur royal

White royal

406

09499240

Ramlal Vilkl

Team Vhadur Vilkl

Maya runs Vilkl

407

09499267

Ramu Pudel

Nath jive Pudel

Money illusion Pudel

408

09498842

Rita officer

Tek Nath Dvadi

Maya Devi officer

409

09499011

Ritadevi Padya (Lamichhane)

Dilliram Upadhyay

Hari Art Pudel

410

09498963

Rita officer

Rajendra Prasad Officer

Muse officer

411

09498806

Rudra Prasad Khanal

Bharat Khanal

Mnrupa Khanal

412

09499086

Rupa Devi Khanal

Raghunath Dhakal

 

413

09499379

RENUKA Dhakal

Money Prasad Bhattrai

Creatures Art Bhattrai

414

09498841

Red silk officer

Vishnu Prasad Officer

Jamuna officer

415

09499157

Lkshima Grti

Krishna Vhadur Grti

Gauri Grti

416

09498935

Lkshmi Sapkota Chapagai

Creator Sapkota

Hinges Devi Sapkota

417

09499367

Laxmi Khanal

Kgeshwar Chapagai

Kaushila Chapagai

418

09499388

Lakshmi Chapagai

Gopal Bahadur Adhikari

Bhagwati officer

419

09499190

Lakshmi Priar

Gyan Bahadur Priar

Chandra Maya Priar

420

09498912

Lakshmi Bhurtel (Khanal)

Ydunandn Bhurtel

Liniment goddess Bhurtel

421

09499307

But Lakshmi

Ram Bahadur Lama

Full Maya Lama

422

09498879

Lakshmi Sharma

Babu Ram Lamichhane

Sita Lamichhane

423

09499403

Lakshmi Service

Yum Vhadur Dhakal

Ms. Padma Dhakal

424

09498940

Lakshmi Devi Khanal

Jayshwar Pudel

Kgeshwari Pudel

425

13662069

Laxmi Prasad Lamichhane

Sriprasad Lamichhane

Lakshmi Maya Lamichhane

426

09498939

Lli goddess Chapagai

Umapathy Dhakal

Deurupa Dhakal

427

09499187

Red Maya Guruङg

Interest Ram Guruङg

 

428

09499372

Red Maya Tamaङg

Ram Bahadur Tamaङg

 

429

09499231

Lalu Maya sexual

Diamond Vilkl

 

430

09499033

Lila Wati Suvedi

Nand Lal Sapkota

Parvati Sapkota

431

09498921

Liladhar Khanal

Ram Chandra Khanal

Bhuwani Khanal

432

09499430

Liladhar Dhakal

Bhagirath Dhakal

DROPATI Dhakal

433

09499239

Liladhar Dhakal

Devi Lal Sharma Dhakal

Bhokumari Sharma Dhakal

434

09499251

Lilavati Upadhyay

Ishwari Gotame

Ganga Gotame

435

09499017

Leknath Bhushal

Public offerings Bhushal

Kgisra Bhushal

436

09499037

Public offerings Chapagai

Creator Chapagai

Maneka Chapagai

437

09499114

Late Bahadur Thapa

Guman Singh Thapa

 

438

09499224

San spring splendor

Shyam Pratap Sen

Retiring Sen.

439

09499414

Watuli Ranabat

Money Vhadur Ranabat

Maya Devi Ranabat

440

09499289

But Miss Wall

Nndu Thapa

But HARIKALA

441

09499225

Walika Devi Sharma

Prem Sharma

Yum Kum Sharma

442

09498810

Vaavu Ram Bhandari

Vhadur Ram Bhandari

Vishnu Maya Bhandari

443

09499418

Wavuram Giri

Ram Giri

Parvati Giri

444

09498941

Victory Khanal

Tejindra Prasad Khanal

Lakshmi Devi Khanal

445

09498957

Vinay Dahal

Bishnu Prasad Dahal

Goddess Kumari Dahal

446

09498989

Miss Viña Guruङg

Brave Heart Guruङg

 

447

09498951

Vinod Prasad Khanal

Mahendra Prasad Khanal

Chandra Kala Khanal

448

09499046

Founding officer

Livelong offerings officer

Kunti Devi Sapkota

449

09499069

Vindu Priar

Ddiram Priar

Mina Priar

450

09499005

Vindu Bhusal

Khanal Lilladher

Freeze Maya Khanal

451

09499272

Vindu Silwal

Vhadur force Ghimire

Sarah Ghimire

452

09498995

Vimala Amgai

Lalu Prasad Pokrel

Sri Sri

453

09498999

Virs brave Guruङg

Brave heart Guruङg

Living Maya Guruङg

454

09499159

Will brave Priar

Deu Bahadur Priar

Parwata Priar

455

09499356

Giant Royal

Ramji royal

Knowledge Imperial Maya

456

09499313

Vishnu rye

Prem Bahadur Rai

Full Maya rye

457

09499247

Vishnu Virgin Territory (Bhandari)

Shook brave regional

Sumitra Devi regional

458

09499113

Vishnu Miss Kdka

The brave officer

Egyptian officials

459

09499116

Ms. Bishnu Bhandari

Sri Sri

Sri Sri

460

09499341

Vishnu Dutt Ghimire

Thakur Dutt Ghimire

Vishnu Maya Ghimire

461

09499019

Vishnu Prasad Officer

Narayan Prasad Officer

Bdrai Miss Officer

462

09498938

Vishnu Prasad Chapagai

Hari Narayan Chapagai

 

463

09498954

Bishnu Prasad Dahal

Home Prasad Dahal

Sister Kumari Dahal

464

09499222

Bishnu Bahadur Vsnet

Late brave Vsnet

Padma Kumari Vsnet

465

09499344

Vishnu Maya Ghimire

Ganga Dutt officer

Lakshmi Devi officer

466

09498965

Vishnu Maya Chapagai

Pashupati Chapagai

Basil Chapagai

467

09499110

Vishnu Maya Tmaङg

Money offerings Tmaङg

Dill Maya Tmaङg

468

09498952

Vishnu Maya Pudel

Giridhari Pudel

Bagirthy Pudel

469

09499269

Vishnu Maya Suvedi (Pudel)

Nrpti Suvedi

Lakshmi Suvedi

470

09499100

Vishnusen Tkuri

Red Vhadur Malla

Tilkumari Malla

471

09499109