The points below are the major findings summarised from the discussions made in the earlier chapters.
5.1. Nepal as passive recipient of external influence
Nepal’s historical, political, economic, social and cultural realities show, as discussed in Chapter 2.4, that it has long been susceptible to influence of mainly India and other world powers such as the US. As a geographically small and economically poor country, Nepal has been heavily dependent on foreign aid from developed countries including India and the US. This allowed donor nations to have greater leverage on affairs in Nepal that were of strategic importance to the former. The two protracted refugee situations – that of the Tibetan and the Bhutanese – have been one of those affairs within Nepal that have drawn political interests and thus influences from the external powers, mainly the US and India.
Download Chapter 5