The main objective of this research was to study the US and Indian influences on the treatment of the Tibetan and the Bhutanese refugees in Nepal. To that end, drawing upon the theoretical frames and the geopolitical background laid out in Chapter 2, the study mainly focused on two areas: first, in the general treatment of the refugees in course of their flight and the subsequent political and economic struggles (Chapter 3); and second, the treatment in terms of locating durable solutions (Chapter 4). This allowed the researcher to come up with the findings (Chapter 5) based on the comparative study of the treatment of the two refugee groups by the host country and the key external powers in the given geopolitical context – an issue which had not been studied in detail before. Though a single study is unlikely to cover the whole range of issues, this study has brought to fore the complex historical and geopolitical realities under which the two refugees were treated very differently by the host and the other supporting countries, thus confirming with the Goodwin-Gill’s theory on geopolitics and refugee protection. The study showed that the influences have been very concrete, far-reaching and substantive.

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